Tanzania neighbors Kenya to the south and west and was formed by the union of the United Republic of Tanganyika and Zanzibar. Geographically, it is a vast central plateau, surrounded by the three great lakes – Lake Victoria, Lake Tanganyika and Lake Malawi, slopping down towards the Indian Ocean where-in sit the islands of Zanzibar, Pemba and Mafia. The country is intersected by the Great Rift Valley, the earth’s largest fault, and dotted with volcanoes including Africa’s tallest and the world’s largest standing mountain, Mount Kilimanjaro.
Inhabited by about one hundred and twenty ethnic groups including the Maasai, Tanzania offers a great mixture of culture and safari. It is Big game country where close to a quarter of the country’s total land is reserved for wildlife conservation. A combination of Kenya and Tanzania is by far the best safari one can have in Africa. Serengeti National Park which is adjoined to Kenya’s Masai Mara National Reserve is a stage Great Migration of Wildebeests and Zebras. Ngorongoro Crater, Lake Manyara National Park, known for the tree climbing Lions and thousands of Flamingos are some of the most popular safari destinations of Tanzania.
Zanzibar is a major tourist resort island characterized by beautiful sandy beaches with fringing coral reefs, and the magic of historic Stone Town – said to be one of the few functioning ancient towns in East Africa. Stone Town was recently and deservedly declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.